Diversity and functions of intestinal mononuclear phagocytes

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The intestinal lamina propria (LP) contains a diverse array of mononuclear phagocyte (MNP) subsets, including conventional dendritic cells (cDC), monocytes and tissue-resident macrophages (mφ) that collectively play an essential role in mucosal homeostasis, infection and inflammation. In the current review we discuss the function of intestinal cDC and monocyte-derived MNP, highlighting how these subsets play several non-redundant roles in the regulation of intestinal immune responses. While much remains to be learnt, recent findings also underline how the various populations of MNP adapt to deal with the challenges specific to their environment. Understanding these processes should help target individual subsets for ‘fine tuning’ immunological responses within the intestine, a process that maybe of relevance both for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and for optimized vaccine design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMucosal Immunology
Volume10
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)845-864
ISSN1933-0219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

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