Determination of Technetium-99 in Environmental Samples by Solvent Extraction at Controlled Valence

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Distribution coefficients of technetium and ruthenium are determined under different conditions with CCl4, cyclohexanone, and 5% tri-isooctylamine (TIOA)/xylene. A method for analyzing 99Tc in environmental samples has been developed by solvent extraction in which the valences of technetium and ruthenium are controlled with H2O2 and NaClO. Technetium and ruthenium which are oxidized to TcO4- and RuO4- by NaClO are separated by extraction with CCl4 at pH 4. The RuO4- is reduced to low valence and technetium is kept in the TcO4- state with H2O2. Technetium, ruthenium, and other nuclides are subsequently separated by solvent extraction with cyclohexanone and 5% TIOA/xylene. The decontamination of the procedure is 1.35 .cntdot. 105 for 103Ru and 1.66 .cntdot. 105 for 110mAg. The chemical yield of technetium-99 is 55%.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume131
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)171-187
ISSN0236-5731
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 5916267