Positronium Inhibition and Quenching by Organic Electron Acceptors and Charge Transfer Complexes

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Positron lifetime measurements were performed on a series of organic electron acceptors and charge-transfer complexes in solution. The acceptors cause both positronium (Ps) inhibition (with maybe one exception) and quenching, but when an acceptor takes part in a charge-transfer complex the inhibition intensifies and the quenching almost vanishes. The reaction constants between ortho-Ps and the acceptors were determinded to be: 1.5 × 1010 M−1 s−1 for SO2 in dioxane 3.7 × 1010 M−1 s−1 for SO2 in n-heptane, 3.4 × 1010 M−1 s−1 for tetracyanoquinodimethane in tetrahydrofurane and 1.6 × 1010 M−1 s−1 for tetracyanoethylene in dioxane. From the ortho-Ps lifetimes in solutions containing charge-transfer complexes complexity constants were determined that were in reasonable agreement with constants obtained from optical data. The influence of acceptors and charge-transfers complexes on the Ps yield was interpreted in terms of the spur reaction model of Ps formation. Correlation was also made to gas phase reaction between electron acceptors and free electron, as well as to pulse radiolysis data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemical Physics
Issue number2-3
Pages (from-to)303-312
Publication statusPublished - 1975
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 5844942