Direct Coal Oxidation in Modified Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

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Hybrid direct carbon fuel cells employ a classical solid oxide fuel cell together with carbon dispersed in a carbonate melt on the anode side. In a European project, the utilization of various coals has been investigated with and without addition of an oxidation catalyst to the carbon-carbonate slurry or anode layer. The nature of the coal affects both open circuit voltage and power output. Highest OCV and power densities were observed for bituminous coal and by adding manganese oxide or praseodymium-doped ceria to the carbon/carbonate mixture. Comparing the carbon black fueled performance of an anode supported (315 µm anodes) and cathode supported cell (15 µm anode) indicates a superior performance of the latter. Using un-catalyzed biomass (charcoal) as fuel results in an OCV of 941 mV and a maximum power density of 78 mW/cm2 at 755ºC similar to the power output of manganese oxide catalyzed bituminous coal (73 mW/cm2).

© 2015 ECS - The Electrochemical Society
Original languageEnglish
JournalE C S Transactions
Volume68
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)2685-2694
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage with SOFC–XIV - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Jul 201531 Jul 2015

Conference

ConferenceECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage with SOFC–XIV
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period26/07/201531/07/2015
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI
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