Zero-crossing detection algorithm for arrays of optical spatial filtering velocimetry sensors

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Abstract

This paper presents a zero-crossing detection algorithm for arrays of compact low-cost optical sensors based on spatial filtering for measuring fluctuations in angular velocity of rotating solid structures. The algorithm is applicable for signals with moderate signal-to-noise ratios, and delivers a "real-time" output (0-1 kHz). The sensors use optical spatial-filtering velocimetry on the dynamical speckles arising from scattering off a rotating solid object with a non-specular surface. The technology measures the instantaneous angular velocity of a target, without being biased by any linear translation of the object. The calibration of the sensors is independent of the radius of the target, the wavelength of the light, and the distance to the object. No preparation of the surface, as is needed in the case of an indexer, is necessary here. Furthermore, any thermial dependency of the calibration factor is directly related to the thermal expansion and refractive-index coefficients of the optics (> 10(-5) K-1 for glass). By cascade-coupling an array of sensors, the ensemble-averaged angular velocity is measured in "real-time". This will reduce the influence of pseudo-vibrations arising from repeating the same measurement error for each revolution of the target, and to gain high performance measurement of angular velocity. The traditional zero-crossing detection is extended by 1) inserting an appropriate band-pass filter before the zero-crossing detection, 2) measuring time periods between zero-crossings and 3) doing peak searches in the histograms of time-periods facilitating measurement at low signal-to-noise levels. This algorithm will be compared with time-resolved Fourier analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical sensors 2008
EditorsF. Berghmans, A.G. Mignani, A. Cutolo, P.P. Meyrueis, T.P. Pearsall
Volume7003
Place of PublicationBellingham
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2008
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-7201-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventPhotonics Europe 2008 - Palais de la Musique et des Congrès, Strasbourg, France
Duration: 7 Apr 200811 Apr 2008
http://spie.org/x24034.xml

Conference

ConferencePhotonics Europe 2008
LocationPalais de la Musique et des Congrès
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period07/04/200811/04/2008
Internet address
SeriesProceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7003
ISSN0277-786X

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