You reap what you sow - or do you? volunteers in organic row-sown and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields

Naja Steen Andersen, Jesper Rasmussen, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The frequency and origin of oilseed rape volunteers in organic row and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields was evaluated using DNA markers (ISSR) for analysis of potential volunteers in nine organic oilseed rape fields with different history. Using the software AFLPOP, the potential volunteers were assigned to variety by comparing their ISSR fingerprints with those of present and previous varieties. Results showed that two of the five row-sown fields, had high numbers of volunteer in the row (5 and 9 volunteers m−2), and as inter-row volunteers were also present (0.9 and 3.6 volunteers m−2), the recommended inter-row hoeing should not be neglected. Potential volunteers were also identified in the broadcast-sown fields, but their identity could not be proven. In a scenario where GM oilseed rape is cultivated previous to the organic oilseed rape, the present results indicate that the frequency of GM volunteers would exceed the threshold of 0.9%, and thus GM labelling would be demanded. Some of the volunteers belonged to varieties cultivated 8–11 years previously, indicating a long persistence of volunteer populations. What you reap might be added in the past – with consequences for organic farmers’ production and earning.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Agronomy
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)121-126
    ISSN1161-0301
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Bio systems
    • Environment and climate

    Cite this

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    title = "You reap what you sow - or do you? volunteers in organic row-sown and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields",
    abstract = "The frequency and origin of oilseed rape volunteers in organic row and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields was evaluated using DNA markers (ISSR) for analysis of potential volunteers in nine organic oilseed rape fields with different history. Using the software AFLPOP, the potential volunteers were assigned to variety by comparing their ISSR fingerprints with those of present and previous varieties. Results showed that two of the five row-sown fields, had high numbers of volunteer in the row (5 and 9 volunteers m−2), and as inter-row volunteers were also present (0.9 and 3.6 volunteers m−2), the recommended inter-row hoeing should not be neglected. Potential volunteers were also identified in the broadcast-sown fields, but their identity could not be proven. In a scenario where GM oilseed rape is cultivated previous to the organic oilseed rape, the present results indicate that the frequency of GM volunteers would exceed the threshold of 0.9{\%}, and thus GM labelling would be demanded. Some of the volunteers belonged to varieties cultivated 8–11 years previously, indicating a long persistence of volunteer populations. What you reap might be added in the past – with consequences for organic farmers’ production and earning.",
    keywords = "Bio systems, Environment and climate, Milj{\o} og klima, Biosystemer",
    author = "Andersen, {Naja Steen} and Jesper Rasmussen and {Bagger J{\o}rgensen}, Rikke",
    year = "2010",
    doi = "10.1016/j.eja.2009.09.001",
    language = "English",
    volume = "32",
    pages = "121--126",
    journal = "European Journal of Agronomy",
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    }

    You reap what you sow - or do you? volunteers in organic row-sown and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields. / Andersen, Naja Steen; Rasmussen, Jesper; Bagger Jørgensen, Rikke.

    In: European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2010, p. 121-126.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - You reap what you sow - or do you? volunteers in organic row-sown and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields

    AU - Andersen, Naja Steen

    AU - Rasmussen, Jesper

    AU - Bagger Jørgensen, Rikke

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - The frequency and origin of oilseed rape volunteers in organic row and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields was evaluated using DNA markers (ISSR) for analysis of potential volunteers in nine organic oilseed rape fields with different history. Using the software AFLPOP, the potential volunteers were assigned to variety by comparing their ISSR fingerprints with those of present and previous varieties. Results showed that two of the five row-sown fields, had high numbers of volunteer in the row (5 and 9 volunteers m−2), and as inter-row volunteers were also present (0.9 and 3.6 volunteers m−2), the recommended inter-row hoeing should not be neglected. Potential volunteers were also identified in the broadcast-sown fields, but their identity could not be proven. In a scenario where GM oilseed rape is cultivated previous to the organic oilseed rape, the present results indicate that the frequency of GM volunteers would exceed the threshold of 0.9%, and thus GM labelling would be demanded. Some of the volunteers belonged to varieties cultivated 8–11 years previously, indicating a long persistence of volunteer populations. What you reap might be added in the past – with consequences for organic farmers’ production and earning.

    AB - The frequency and origin of oilseed rape volunteers in organic row and broadcast-sown oilseed rape fields was evaluated using DNA markers (ISSR) for analysis of potential volunteers in nine organic oilseed rape fields with different history. Using the software AFLPOP, the potential volunteers were assigned to variety by comparing their ISSR fingerprints with those of present and previous varieties. Results showed that two of the five row-sown fields, had high numbers of volunteer in the row (5 and 9 volunteers m−2), and as inter-row volunteers were also present (0.9 and 3.6 volunteers m−2), the recommended inter-row hoeing should not be neglected. Potential volunteers were also identified in the broadcast-sown fields, but their identity could not be proven. In a scenario where GM oilseed rape is cultivated previous to the organic oilseed rape, the present results indicate that the frequency of GM volunteers would exceed the threshold of 0.9%, and thus GM labelling would be demanded. Some of the volunteers belonged to varieties cultivated 8–11 years previously, indicating a long persistence of volunteer populations. What you reap might be added in the past – with consequences for organic farmers’ production and earning.

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    KW - Environment and climate

    KW - Miljø og klima

    KW - Biosystemer

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    DO - 10.1016/j.eja.2009.09.001

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