Worst-case Latency Analysis for IEEE 802.1Qbv Time Sensitive Networks using Network Calculus

Luxi Zhao*, Paul Pop, Silviu S. Craciunas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Distributed safety-critical applications in industrial automation, aerospace, and automotive, require worst-case end-to-end latency analysis for critical communication flows in order to prove their correct behavior in the temporal domain.With the advent of Time Sensitive Networks (TSN), distributed applications can be built on top of standard Ethernet technologies without sacrificing real-time characteristics. The time-based transmission selection and clock synchronization mechanism defined in TSN enable the real-time transmission of frames based on a global schedule configured through so-called Gate Control Lists (GCLs). This paper has an enhancement of allowing a mixture of the priority-based scheduling and time-triggered, which expand the solution space for GCLs. Then, it is necessary to analyze the latency bounds for the critical traffic in the TSN network. In this work, we start from the assumption that the GCLs, i.e. the communication schedules, and the traffic class (priority) assignment for critical flows are given for each output port and derive, using network calculus, an analysis of the worst-case delays that individual critical flows can experience along the hops from sender to receiver(s). Our method can be employed for the analysis of TSN networks where the GCLs have been created in advance, as well as for driving the GCL synthesis that explores a larger solution space than previous methods, which required a complete isolation of transmission events from different traffic classes. We validate our model and analysis by performing experiments on both synthetic and real-world use-cases, showing the scalability of our implementation as well as the impact of certain GCL properties (gate overlapping and traffic class assignments) on the worst-case latency of critical communication flows.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Pages (from-to)41803-41815
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Performance Analysis
  • Delay
  • TSN
  • Deterministic Ethernet
  • Network Calculus


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