Wind-induced single-sided natural ventilation in buildings near a long street canyon: CFD evaluation of street configuration and envelope design

Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Wind-induced single-sided natural ventilation in buildings was widely investigated based on isolated buildings. However, owing to the presence of surrounding buildings, the wind flow pattern around a building in an urban area becomes very different from that around an isolated building. Considering an urban context, this study investigates the wind-induced single-sided natural ventilation in buildings near a long street canyon under a perpendicular wind direction using CFD method. Four aspect ratios (AR) of the street canyon, from 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 to 6.0, are investigated to examine the influence of street configuration, while eight envelope features are compared to explore the possibility of envelope design in improving natural ventilation performance of urban buildings. Ventilation rate of rooms in buildings is particularly analyzed. AR influences ventilation rate and its distribution among rooms along height of buildings. The percentage decrease of ventilation rate of buildings reaches 67% when AR of a street canyon is increased from 1.0 to 6.0. Envelope design provides a possibility to enhance the adaptability of buildings to dense urban environments. A good envelope design, such as a horizontal feature at the middle of an opening, can break effectively the along-facade flow and thus create a large pressure difference to drive ventilation. The findings of this study are intended to increase the understanding of natural ventilation performance in urban buildings and thus provide information for urban planning and building design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume172
Pages (from-to)96-106
Number of pages11
ISSN0167-6105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Envelope design
  • Natural ventilation
  • Street canyon
  • Urban environment
  • CFD simulation

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