Wind and solar energy curtailment: A review of international experience

Lori Bird, Debra Lew, Michael Milligan, E. Maria Carlini, Ana Estanqueiro, Damian Flynn, Emilio Gomez-Lazaro, Hannele Holttinen, Nickie Menemenlis, Antje Orths, Peter Børre Eriksen, J. Charles Smith, Lennart Soder, Poul Ejnar Sørensen, Argyrios Altiparmakis, Yoh Yasuda, John Miller

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Greater penetrations of variable renewable generation on some electric grids have resulted in increased levels of curtailment in recent years. Studies of renewable energy grid integration have found that curtailment levels may grow as the penetration of wind and solar energy generation increases. This paper reviews international experience with curtailment of wind and solar energy on bulk power systems in recent years, with a focus on eleven countries in Europe, North America, and Asia. It examines levels of curtailment, the causes of curtailment, curtailment methods and use of market based dispatch, as well as operational, institutional, and other changes that are being made to reduce renewable energy curtailment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Pages (from-to)577-586
    Number of pages10
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Curtailment
    • Solar
    • Transmission congestion
    • Wind
    • Electric power systems
    • Solar energy
    • Bulk power systems
    • Energy generations
    • International experiences
    • Renewable energies
    • Renewable generation
    • Solar power generation
    • Wind energy
    • Energy resources
    • Power system management, operation and economics
    • power grids
    • power markets
    • solar power
    • wind power
    • variable renewable generation
    • electric grids
    • renewable energy grid integration
    • curtailment levels
    • wind energy generation
    • solar energy generation
    • bulk power systems
    • curtailment methods
    • market-based dispatch
    • renewable energy curtailment


    Dive into the research topics of 'Wind and solar energy curtailment: A review of international experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this