White matter changes contribute to corpus callosum atrophy in the elderly: The LADIS study

C. Ryberg, E. Rostrup, Karl Sjöstrand, O. B. Paulson, F. Barkhof, P. Scheltens, E. C. W. van Straaten, F. Fazekas, R. Schmidt, T. Erkinjuntti, L. -O. Wahlund, A. M. Basile, L. Pantoni, D. Inzitari, G. Waldemar

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The corpus callosum (CC) is the most important structure involved in the transmission of interhemispheric information. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential correlation between regional age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) and atrophy of CC in elderly subjects.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 578 subjects with ARWMC from the Leukoaraiosis And DISability (LADIS) study, the cross-sectional area of the CC was automatically segmented on the normalized midsagittal MR imaging section and subdivided into 5 regions The ARWMC volumes were measured quantitatively by using a semiautomated technique and segmented into 6 brain regions.RESULTS: Significant correlation between the area of the rostrum and splenium regions of the CC and the ARWMC load in most brain regions was identified. This correlation persisted after correction for global atrophy.CONCLUSION: Increasing loads of ARWMC volume were significantly correlated with atrophy of the CC and its subregions in nondisabled elderly subjects with leukoaraiosis. However, the pattern of correlation between CC subregions and ARWMC was not specifically related to the topographic location of ARWMC. The results suggest that ARWMC may lead to a gradual loss of CC tissue.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
    Volume29
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)1498-1504
    ISSN0195-6108
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Cite this

    Ryberg, C., Rostrup, E., Sjöstrand, K., Paulson, O. B., Barkhof, F., Scheltens, P., van Straaten, E. C. W., Fazekas, F., Schmidt, R., Erkinjuntti, T., Wahlund, L. -O., Basile, A. M., Pantoni, L., Inzitari, D., & Waldemar, G. (2008). White matter changes contribute to corpus callosum atrophy in the elderly: The LADIS study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 29(8), 1498-1504. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A1169