What makes inorganic scale stick?

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review


While inorganic scaling is traditionally understood from the perspective of the solution, it is fundamentally a surface process. The interactions between foulants, fluids, and surfaces determine whether scale persists on a surface. In this work, we present a review of what makes scale adhere or detach from a surface. We reviewed more than 600 publications and concluded that the stickability of foulants is primarily determined by three variables: surfaces, foulant composition, and fluid dynamics. We propose a qualitative three-regime model to explain the discrepancies in the literature. The insights shown in this work should enable a targeted approach to scale prevention and removal, and the development of more comprehensive prediction models.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2024
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventProduction Chemistry Symposium 2024 - Vestlia Resort, Geilo, Norway
Duration: 12 Mar 202415 Mar 2024


ConferenceProduction Chemistry Symposium 2024
LocationVestlia Resort


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