What Can we learn from Raman spectroscopy and model calculations on room temperature ionic liquids?

Rolf W. Berg (Invited author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Traditionally ionic liquids involve inorganic hygroscopic substances that need to be contained under protective atmospheres, e.g. in sealed ampoules. Experimental methods to study the chemistry inside closed ampoules are limited, and one popular technique has been and still is Raman scattering because the laser light easily passes through the glassy ampoule wall. The method is of course equally valuable for non-hygroscopic substances and mixtures and “green liquids”. Raman spectra - though characteristic for most compounds - do not give direct chemical evidence (species formulae, quantities, structures, etc.). The resulting spectra must be interpreted to let chemical information be deduced - sometimes from subtle comparisons between different systems and experiments with carefully selected standard compounds. A rather new requisite in the research landscape is now the quantum mechanical calculation software. This software allows everyone - on an ordinary PC after some trial and error - to calculate the most stable equilibrium geometries of guessed chemical structures and to depict their normal vibrations and the fundamental Raman and IR spectra. These new calculations form the basis for a better understanding of quite complicated chemical systems such as liquids. Many groups of researchers have recently started to use such a methodology: They compute structures and Raman spectra of various ions (the melts themselves and eventual solutes) and compare with the experimental spectra, hoping that this will lead to a better understanding of the behaviour of the liquid. The number of possible cation-anion combinations is very high. A review of the present status cannot be given within the limits of this presentation, but some examples that reflect the typical situation will be given. After an introduction to the calculation methods used, some examples will be shown –– among others new own results on aluminum-oxy-chloride ions, as well as our already published results on 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cations with halogenide or complex inorganic anions. It will be mentioned that conformational isomerism and hydrogen bonding are important in these systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2006 EUCHEM Conference on molten salts and ionic liquids : 16-22 September
EditorsM. Gaune-Escard
Place of PublicationHammamet, Tunesia
PublisherIUSTI CNRS UMR 6595 Marseille cedex 13, France
Publication date2006
Pages16-17
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event2006 EUCHEM Conference on molten salts and ionic liquids : 16-22 September - Hammamet, Tunesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2006 → …

Conference

Conference2006 EUCHEM Conference on molten salts and ionic liquids : 16-22 September
CityHammamet, Tunesia
Period01/01/2006 → …

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