Water–carbon interactions III: The influence of surface and fluid impurities

Jens Honore Walther, T. Werder, R.L. Jaffe, P. Gonnet, M. Bergdorf, U. Zimmerli, P. Koumoutsakos

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Abstract

Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study the influence of surface and fluid impurities on water–carbon interactions. In order to quantify these interactions we consider the canonical problem of wetting of a doped flat graphitic surface by a water system with impurities. As model fluid impurities we consider aqueous solutions of potassium–chloride with molar concentrations up to 1.8 M. Quantum chemistry calculations are performed to derive pair potentials for the ion–graphite interactions. The contact angle is found to decrease weakly with increasing ionic concentration, from 90° at 0 M to 81° at 1.8 M concentration. The influence of solid impurities is found to be more significant. Thus, 10, 15, and 20% coverages of chemisorbed hydrogen result in contact angles of 90°, 74° and 60°, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume6
Issue number1988-1995
ISSN1463-9076
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Walther, J. H., Werder, T., Jaffe, R. L., Gonnet, P., Bergdorf, M., Zimmerli, U., & Koumoutsakos, P. (2004). Water–carbon interactions III: The influence of surface and fluid impurities. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 6(1988-1995). https://doi.org/10.1039/b312740k