Waste prevention for sustainable resource and waste management

Shin-Ichi Sakai, Junya Yano, Yasuhiro Hirai, Misuzu Asari, Ritsuki Yanagawa, Takeshi Matsuda, Hideto Yoshida, Tetsuji Yamada, Natsuko Kajiwara, Go Suzuki, Tatsuya Kunisue, Shin Takahashi, Keijiro Tomoda, Joachim Wuttke, Paul Mählitz, Vera Susanne Rotter, Mario Grosso, Thomas Fruergaard Astrup, Julian Cleary, Gil-Jong OhLili Liu, Jinhui Li, Hwong-wen Ma, Ngo Kim Chi, Stephen Moore

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Although the 2Rs (reduce and reuse) are considered high-priority approaches, there has not been enough quantitative research on effective 2R management. The purpose of this paper is to provide information obtained through the International Workshop in Kyoto, Japan, on 11–13 November 2015, which included invited experts and researchers in several countries who were in charge of 3R policies, and an additional review of 245 previous studies. It was found that, regarding policy development, the decoupling between environmental pressures and economy growth was recognized as an essential step towards a sustainable society. 3R and resource management policies, including waste prevention, will play a crucial role. Approaches using material/substance flow analyses have become sophisticated enough to describe the fate of resources and/or hazardous substances based on human activity and the environment, including the final sink. Life-cycle assessment has also been developed to evaluate waste prevention activities. Regarding target products for waste prevention, food loss is one of the waste fractions with the highest priority because its countermeasures have significant upstream and downstream effects. Persistent organic pollutants and hazardous compounds should also be taken into account in the situation where recycling activities are globally widespread for the promotion of a material-cycling society.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1295-1313
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Waste prevention
  • Resource efficiency
  • Chemical control
  • Material flow analysis (MFA)
  • Life-cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Circular economy
  • Substance flow analysis (SFA)
  • Life-cycle cost (LCC)
  • Review

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