Waste management of ENM-containing solid waste in Europe

Laura Roverskov Heggelund, Alessio Boldrin, Steffen Foss Hansen

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Abstract

Little research has been done to determine emissions of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) from currently available nano-enabled consumer products. While ENM release is expected to occur throughout the life cycle of the products, this study focuses on the product end-of-life (EOL) phase. We used the Danish nanoproduct inventory (www.nanodb.dk) to get a general understanding of the fate of ENM during waste management in the European context. This was done by: 1. assigning individual
products to an appropriate waste material fraction, 2. identifying the ENM in each fraction, 3. comparing identified waste fractions with waste treatment statistics for Europe, and 4. illustrating the general distribution of ENM into incineration, recycling and landfilling. Our results indicate that ╲plastic from used product containers╡ is the most abundant and diverse waste fraction, comprising a variety of both nanoproducts and materials. While differences are seen between individual EU countries/regions according to the local waste management system, results show that all waste treatment options are significantly involved in nanowaste handling, suggesting that research activities should cover different areas. The results of this study may be used for the environmental and human health risk assessment of
nanowaste, and to assist future regulatory and management decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Nanotechnology Conference 2015 : Conference abstracts
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationVenice, Italy
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventSUN-SNO-GUIDENANO Sustainable Nanotechnology Conference 2015 - Venice, Italy
Duration: 9 Mar 201511 Mar 2015

Conference

ConferenceSUN-SNO-GUIDENANO Sustainable Nanotechnology Conference 2015
CountryItaly
CityVenice
Period09/03/201511/03/2015

Cite this

Heggelund, L. R., Boldrin, A., & Hansen, S. F. (2015). Waste management of ENM-containing solid waste in Europe. In Sustainable Nanotechnology Conference 2015: Conference abstracts