Wake interaction and power production of variable height model wind farms

Malene Hovgaard Vested, N. Hamilton, Jens Nørkær Sørensen, R. B. Cal

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Abstract

Understanding wake dynamics is an ongoing research topic in wind energy, since wakes have considerable effects on the power production when wind turbines are placed in a wind farm. Wind tunnel experiments have been conducted to study the wake to wake interaction in a model wind farm in tandem with measurements of the extracted power. The aim is to investigate how alternating mast height influences the interaction of the wakes and the power production. Via the use of stereo-particle image velocimetry, the flow field was obtained in the first and last rows of the wind turbine array as a basis of comparison. It was found that downstream of the exit row wind turbine, the power was increased by 25% in the case of a staggered height configuration. This is partly due to the fact that the taller turbines reach into a flow area with a softened velocity gradient. Another aspect is that the wake downstream of a tall wind turbine to some extent passes above the standard height wind turbine. Overall the experiments show that the velocity field downstream of the exit row changes considerably when the mast height is alternating.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012169
Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
Volume524
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN1742-6596
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event5th International Conference on The Science of Making Torque from Wind 2014 - Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 10 Jun 201420 Jun 2014
Conference number: 5
http://indico.conferences.dtu.dk/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=138

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on The Science of Making Torque from Wind 2014
Number5
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period10/06/201420/06/2014
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd

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