VLF Signal Anomalies During Cyclone Activity in the Atlantic Ocean

S. NaitAmor*, M. B. Cohen, Sushil Kumar, O. Chanrion, T. Neubert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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In this paper we present ionospheric disturbances during the simultaneous presence of two to three Large Meteorological Systems, classified as hurricanes and tropical storms, in the Atlantic Ocean from August to November 2016. The ionospheric disturbances were detected by very low frequency (3–30 kHz) signals from two North American transmitters observed in Algiers (36.75°N, 03.47°E). The results show clear anomalies in the amplitude both at nighttime and at daytime. At nighttime, the anomalies were observed in association with all Large Meteorological Systems even at low stage of storm intensity (tropical depression). The anomalies showed periodicities between 2 and 3 hr with a strong decrease in the signal amplitude. The wave-like features were confirmed by the mother wavelet analysis of the normalized signal amplitude. These signal anomalies may result from traveling ionospheric disturbances generated by tropical storms and hurricanes associated gravity waves.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)10,185-10,192
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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