Vitamin D status and its determinants in children and adults among families in late summer in Denmark.

Katja Howarth Madsen, Lone Banke Rasmussen, Heddie Mejborn, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Christian Mølgaard, Ioanna Nissen, Inge Tetens, Rikke Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The impact of the familial relationship on vitamin D status has not been investigated previously. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to assess serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and its determinants in children and adults among families in late summer in Denmark (56°N). Data obtained from 755 apparently healthy children (4-17 years) and adults (18-60 years) recruited as families (n 200) in the VitmaD study were analysed. Blood samples were collected in September-October, and serum 25(OH)D concentration was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem MS. Information on potential determinants was obtained using questionnaires. The geometric mean serum 25(OH)D concentration was 72·1 (interquartile range 61·5-86·7) nmol/l (range 9-162 nmol/l), with 9 % of the subjects having 25(OH)D concentrations <50 nmol/l. The intra-family correlation was 0·27 in all subjects, 0·24 in the adults and 0·42 in the children. Serum 25(OH)D concentration was negatively associated with BMI (P<0·001) and positively associated with dietary vitamin D intake (P= 0·008), multivitamin use (P= 0·019), solarium use (P= 0·006), outdoor stay (P= 0·001), sun preference (P= 0·002) and sun vacation (P<0·001), but was not associated with lifestyle-related factors in the adults when these were assessed together with the other determinants. In conclusion, the majority of children and adults among the families had serum 25(OH)D concentrations >50 nmol/l in late summer in Denmark. Both dietary and sun-related factors were determinants of vitamin D status and the familial component was stronger for the children than for the adults.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume112
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)776-784
ISSN0007-1145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D
  • Determinants
  • Families

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