Viscoplastic response and modeling of asphalt-aggregate mixes

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The strain response of asphalt-aggregate mixes to applied stresses is decomposed additively into a viscoelastic part and a viscoplastic part. The paper focuses on the response and modeling of the viscoplastic component; it includes the development of a multiaxial constitutive formulation that is capable of generating: (i) strain hardening when the loading is applied in one direction; (ii) strain softening immediately after stress reversals; (iii) volumetric changes under uniaxial conditions or isotropic conditions, or both; and (iv) directional non-symmetry. In order to investigate the model's capabilities, four tests were performed sequentially on one asphalt sample. The tests were limited to pre-peak conditions and one temperature and consisted of creep and recovery sequences in uniaxial tension, uniaxial compression, isotropic compression and uniaxial tension-compression. Analysis of the results showed that the new theory, once calibrated, was able to adequately reproduce the viscoplastic strain component; its forecastability, however, was found limited.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials and Structures
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1139-1151
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Asphalt mixes
  • Viscoplasticity
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Stress reversals
  • Triaxial apparatus


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