Vertical Hydraulic Gradient Estimation in Clay Till, Using MiHPT Advanced Direct-Push Technology

Louise Rosenberg*, Mette Martina Broholm, Nina Tuxen, Ida Henriette Kerrn-Jespersen, Gro Lilbeak, Poul Løgstrup Bjerg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    The vertical transport of contaminants from source areas is employed in many risk assessment models and screening tools in order to estimate the contaminant mass discharge (CMD) into underlying aquifers. The key parameters for estimating CMD are the contaminant source area and concentration, and the vertical water flux, the latter of which depends on the vertical hydraulic conductivity and the vertical hydraulic gradient in the subsurface. This study focuses on advancing the use of the combined membrane interface probe hydraulic profiling tool (MiHPT) to investigate the vertical hydraulic gradient across a clay till overlying a sandy aquifer at a contaminated site in Denmark. Only the HPT is necessary for the estimate of vertical hydraulic gradient. The hydraulic head, clay till thickness, and resulting vertical hydraulic gradients found using the MiHPT compared well with observations from nearby nested wells. The parameter with the largest discrepancy was the thickness of the clay till. The advantage of the MiHPT is its relatively quick depth discrete access to information regarding subsurface permeability, vertical hydraulic gradients and contaminant distribution across a site. In this case study, performance of additional dissipationtests during the HPT log to acquire determination of the vertical hydraulic gradient increased the cost by 3% compared to standard HPT logs.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalGround Water Monitoring and Remediation
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)94–102
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished - 2022


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