Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Design Load Cases Investigation and Comparison with Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

Christos Galinos, Torben J. Larsen, Helge Aagaard Madsen , Uwe Schmidt Paulsen

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The paper studies the applicability of the IEC 61400-1 ed.3, 2005 International Standard of wind turbine minimum design requirements in the case of an onshore Darrieus VAWT and compares the results of basic Design Load Cases (DLCs) with those of a 3-bladed HAWT. The study is based on aeroelastic computations using the HAWC2 aero-servo-elastic code A 2-bladed 5 MW VAWT rotor is used based on a modified version of the DeepWind rotor For the HAWT simulations the NREL 3-bladed 5 MW reference wind turbine model is utilized Various DLCs are examined including normal power production, emergency shut down and parked situations, from cut-in to cut-out and extreme wind conditions. The ultimate and 1 Hz equivalent fatigue loads of the blade root and turbine base bottom are extracted and compared in order to give an insight of the load levels between the two concepts. According to the analysis the IEC 61400-1 ed.3 can be used to a large extent with proper interpretation of the DLCs and choice of parameters such as the hub-height. In addition, the design drivers for the VAWT appear to differ from the ones of the HAWT. Normal operation results in the highest tower bottom and blade root loads for the VAWT, where parked under storm situation (DLC 6.2) and extreme operating gust (DLC 2.3) are more severe for the HAWT. Turbine base bottom and blade root edgewise fatigue loads are much higher for the VAWT compared to the HAWT. The interpretation and simulation of DLC 6.2 for the VAWT lead to blade instabilities, while extreme wind shear and extreme wind direction change are not critical in terms of loading of the VAWT structure. Finally, the extreme operating gust wind condition simulations revealed that the emerging loads depend on the combination of the rotor orientation and the time stamp that the frontal passage of gust goes through the rotor plane.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Pages (from-to)319-328
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event13th Deep Sea Offshore Wind R&D Conference - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 20 Jan 201622 Jan 2016


Conference13th Deep Sea Offshore Wind R&D Conference
Internet address

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