VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design

D. De Tavernier, Célia Maria Dias Ferreira, Ang Li, Uwe Schmidt Paulsen, Helge Aagaard Madsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This work presents a study to identify the effect of double-rotor configuration on the airfoil selection of vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs). Simulations are performed using an inviscid panel/vortex model for two different counter-rotating layouts (counter-up and counter-down) and various tip speed ratios, solidities and rotor spacings are considered. The double-rotor configuration relatively enhances the power production and the flow characteristics revealed that this is due to the wake contraction, flow acceleration, and favourable angle of attack in between the rotors. With a multi-objective optimisation scheme airfoils are designed by balancing the aerodynamic and structural needs. The optimised airfoils outperform the airfoils from the initial generation and show the importance of an appropriate airfoil selection. The angle of attack encountered by the turbine in double-rotor configuration is only effected noticeably in between the rotors and therefore it is concluded that the double-rotor configuration does not significantly influence the airfoil design.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum
Number of pages12
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Publication date2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event2018 Wind Energy Symposium - Kissimmee, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 201812 Jan 2018

Conference

Conference2018 Wind Energy Symposium
CountryUnited States
CityKissimmee
Period08/01/201812/01/2018

Cite this

De Tavernier, D., Ferreira, C. M. D., Li, A., Schmidt Paulsen, U., & Aagaard Madsen , H. (2018). VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design. In Proceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-0992
De Tavernier, D. ; Ferreira, Célia Maria Dias ; Li, Ang ; Schmidt Paulsen, Uwe ; Aagaard Madsen , Helge. / VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design. Proceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018.
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De Tavernier, D, Ferreira, CMD, Li, A, Schmidt Paulsen, U & Aagaard Madsen , H 2018, VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design. in Proceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, Kissimmee, United States, 08/01/2018. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-0992

VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design. / De Tavernier, D.; Ferreira, Célia Maria Dias; Li, Ang; Schmidt Paulsen, Uwe; Aagaard Madsen , Helge.

Proceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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N2 - This work presents a study to identify the effect of double-rotor configuration on the airfoil selection of vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs). Simulations are performed using an inviscid panel/vortex model for two different counter-rotating layouts (counter-up and counter-down) and various tip speed ratios, solidities and rotor spacings are considered. The double-rotor configuration relatively enhances the power production and the flow characteristics revealed that this is due to the wake contraction, flow acceleration, and favourable angle of attack in between the rotors. With a multi-objective optimisation scheme airfoils are designed by balancing the aerodynamic and structural needs. The optimised airfoils outperform the airfoils from the initial generation and show the importance of an appropriate airfoil selection. The angle of attack encountered by the turbine in double-rotor configuration is only effected noticeably in between the rotors and therefore it is concluded that the double-rotor configuration does not significantly influence the airfoil design.

AB - This work presents a study to identify the effect of double-rotor configuration on the airfoil selection of vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs). Simulations are performed using an inviscid panel/vortex model for two different counter-rotating layouts (counter-up and counter-down) and various tip speed ratios, solidities and rotor spacings are considered. The double-rotor configuration relatively enhances the power production and the flow characteristics revealed that this is due to the wake contraction, flow acceleration, and favourable angle of attack in between the rotors. With a multi-objective optimisation scheme airfoils are designed by balancing the aerodynamic and structural needs. The optimised airfoils outperform the airfoils from the initial generation and show the importance of an appropriate airfoil selection. The angle of attack encountered by the turbine in double-rotor configuration is only effected noticeably in between the rotors and therefore it is concluded that the double-rotor configuration does not significantly influence the airfoil design.

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De Tavernier D, Ferreira CMD, Li A, Schmidt Paulsen U, Aagaard Madsen H. VAWT in double-rotor configuration: the effect on airfoil design. In Proceedings of 2018 Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA SciTech Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2018 https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-0992