Variation in Phosphorus Uptake and Use Efficiencies Between Pigeonpea Genotypes and Cowpea

J.M. Vesterager, N.E. Nielsen, Henning Høgh Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Low bioavailability of soil phosphorus (P) often limits N-2 (nitrogen) fixation and crop production in large parts of the tropics. The efficiency of P acquisition and P use by 21 genotypes of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] were studied in a pot experiment using two cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Waip.] genotypes as controls. The short-duration genotypes produced more dry matter, accumulated more P, and produced more dry matter per unit of absorbed P than the medium-and long-duration genotypes. Dry-matter production correlated positively with the P uptake (r(2) = 0.72) and P-use efficiency (r(2) = 0.86). The P uptake correlated positively with the P-use efficiency (r(2) = 0.36); whereas the P-use efficiency correlated negatively with the P-uptake efficiency (r(2) = 0.50). Root surface did not determine P acquisition of pigeonpea, which absorbed 1.6 mg P cm(-3) from 33 cm(3) soil compared with 0.17 mg P cm(-3) from 387 cm(3) soil for cowpea at 66 d.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Plant Nutrition
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1869-1888
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cowpea
  • Cajanus cajan
  • Genotypic variation
  • Pigeonpea
  • Phosphorus efficiency
  • Root hairs


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