Vapor pressure and specific electrical conductivity in the solid and molten H2O-CsH2PO4-CsPO3 system—a novel electrolyte for water electrolysis at ~ 225–400 °C

Aleksey Valerievich Nikiforov, Rolf W. Berg, Niels J. Bjerrum

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Cesium dihydrogen phosphate, CsH2PO4 (CDP) was studied for water electrolysis at ~ 225–400 °C. In the presence of sufficient humidity, CDP is structurally disordered and super-protonic conducting with conductivities reaching 0.2–0.25 S cm−1, when determined in suitable H-shaped sealed conductivity cells. Freshly prepared 99.7 ± 0.3% gravimetric pure CDP with correct X-ray diffraction and DSC diagram melted at ~ 345 °C. The vapor pressures, above CDP alone and mixed with 20–50 mol% CsPO3 or 13 mol% H2O, were determined in sealed ampoules up to 355 °C by means of Raman spectroscopy based on internal reference gases. Pressures up to ~ 49 bar were estimated, much higher than previously expected. Conductivities were given as polynomials and plotted in solid and liquid states. Water splitting electrolysis 2H2O → 2H2 + O2 was demonstrated by Raman at ~ 355 °C under a water pressure of ~ 23 bar in a quartz cell with platinum electrodes, showing molten CDP to have significant potential for water electrolysis.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)2761-2782
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • CDP
  • Ionic conductivity
  • H + conductor
  • Phosphate-based electrolyte
  • Elevated temperature pressure electrolysis

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