Validation of Numerical Models of the Offshore Wind Turbine From the Alpha Ventus Wind Farm Against Full-Scale Measurements Within OC5 Phase III

Wojciech Popko, Amy Robertson, Jason Jonkman, Fabian Wendt, Philipp Thomas, Kolja Müller, Matthias Kretschmer, Torbjørn Ruud Hagen, Christos Galinos, Jean-Baptiste Le Dreff, Philippe Gilbert, Bertrand Auriac, Sho Oh, Jacob Qvist, Stian Høegh Sørum, Loup Suja-Thauvin, Hyunkyoung Shin, Climent Molins, Pau Trubat, Paul BonnetRoger Bergua, Kai Wang, Pengcheng Fu, Jifeng Cai, Zhisong Cai, Armando Alexandre, Robert Harries

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The main objective of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration Continuation, with Correlation (OC5) project is validation of aero-hydro-servo-elastic simulation tools for offshore wind turbines (OWTs) through comparison of simulated results to the response data of physical systems. Phase III of the OC5 project validates OWT models against the measurements recorded on a Senvion 5M wind turbine supported by the OWEC Quattropod from the alpha ventus offshore wind farm. The following operating conditions of the wind turbine were chosen for the validation: (1) Idling below the cut-in wind speed; (2) Rotor-nacelle assembly (RNA) rotation maneuver below the cut-in wind speed; (3) Power production below and above the rated wind speed; and (4) Shutdown. A number of validation load cases were defined based on these operating conditions. The following measurements were used for validation: (1) Strains and accelerations recorded on the support structure; (2) Pitch, yaw, and azimuth angles, generator speed, and electrical power recorded from the RNA. Strains were not directly available from the majority of the OWT simulation tools. Therefore, strains were calculated based on out-of-plane bending moments, axial forces, and cross-sectional properties of the structural members. Also, a number of issues arose during the validation: (1) The need for a thorough quality check of sensor measurements; (2) The sensitivity of the turbine loads to the controller and airfoil properties, which were only approximated in the modeling approach; (3) The importance of estimating and applying an appropriate damping value for the structure; and (4) The importance of wind characteristics beyond turbulence on the loads. The simulation results and measurements were compared in terms of time series, discrete Fourier transforms, power spectral densities, probability density functions of strains and accelerometers. A good match was achieved between the measurements and models set up by OC5 Phase III participants.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
    Number of pages15
    Volume10
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
    Publication date2019
    Article numberOMAE2019-95429
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5889-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventASME 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering - Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Duration: 9 Jun 201914 Jun 2019
    Conference number: 38
    https://event.asme.org/OMAE2019

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
    Number38
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    CityGlasgow
    Period09/06/201914/06/2019
    Internet address

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