Validation of an open-formula, diagnostic real-time PCR method for 20-hr detection of Salmonella in animal feeds

Charlotta Löfström, Jeffrey Hoorfar

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A comparative study of a 20-hr, non-commercial, open-formula PCR method and the standard culture-based method NMKL 187, for detection of Salmonella, was performed according to the validation protocol from the Nordic organization for validation of alternative microbiological methods (NordVal) on 81 artificially or naturally contaminated animal feed samples. The PCR method is based on culture enrichment in buffered peptone water for 16 ± 2 h followed by a magnetic beads based semi automated DNA extraction and real-time PCR analysis, including an internal amplification control. The limit of detection (LOD50) was found to be 7.19 and 7.24 CFU/sample for the PCR method and NMKL187, respectively. A very good correlation between results obtained by the two methods were found (Coheńs kappa = 0.92). The relative accuracy, relative sensitivity and relative specificity were found to be 97.5%, 102.0% and 96.6%, respectively. This method is the fastest open PCR based analysis protocol for detection of Salmonella in feed samples. Implementing rapid methods such as the one validated in this study can speed up Salmonella testing of feed for food-producing animals
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Issue number3-4
Pages (from-to)431-435
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Animal feed
  • NordVal
  • Salmonella
  • validation
  • PCR
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Food safety
  • Molecular methods
  • Detection

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