UV-filters and musk fragrances in seafood commercialized in Europe Union: Occurrence, risk and exposure assessment

S. C. Cunha*, L. Trabalón, S. Jacobs, M. Castro, M. Fernandez-Tejedor, Kit Granby, W. Verbeke, C. Kwadijk, F. Ferrari, J. Robbens, I. Sioen, E. Pocurull, A. Marques, J. O. Fernandes, J. L. Domingo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the framework of the FP7 ECsafeSeafood project, 62 seafood samples commercialized in Europe Union from several representative species – mackerel, tuna, salmon, seabream, cod, monkfish, crab, shrimp, octopus, perch and plaice – were analysed for residues of 21 personal care products (PCPs), including 11 UV-filters (UV-Fs) and 10 musk fragrances (musks). PCPs analysis were performed by Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective Rugged, Safe (QuEChERS), combined with liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) or dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE), followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). The results showed the presence in a wide range of samples of nine out of eleven UV-Fs compounds analysed, namely 2-ethylhexyl salicylate (EHS), 2-ethylhexyl,4-methoxycinnamate (EHMC), 4-methylbenzylidenecamphor (4-MBC), benzophenone-1 (BP1), benzophenone-3 (BP3), isoamyl-4-methoxycinnamate (IMC), 2,2′-dihydroxy-4,4′-dimethoxybenzophenone (DHMB), homosalate (HS), and octocrylene (OC), whereas galaxolide (HHCB), galaxolide lactone (HHCB-lactone), and tonalide (AHTN) were the most found musks. The potential risks to human health associated with the exposure to eight of the more prevalent PCPs – EHS, EHMC, 4-MBC, BP1, BP3, IMC, HHCB, and AHTN - through seafood consumption were assessed for consumers from five European countries (Belgium, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain). Results showed that the human exposure to UV-Fs and musks estimated from the concentration values found in seafood and the daily consumption of concerned seafood species, were far below toxicological reference values.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume161
Pages (from-to)399-408
ISSN0013-9351
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Fish
  • GC-MS/MS
  • Musk fragrances
  • Occurrence
  • Risk assessment
  • UV-filters

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