Utilization of Multilevel Flow Modelling to Support Passive Safety System Reliability Assessment

Zhiao Huang, Morten Lind, Xinxin Zhang, Jing Wu, Huifang Miao

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Many advanced Nuclear Reactor designs deploys passive systems for enhancing safety Passive systems rely on natural driving forces, such as natural circulation, gravity, internal stored energy etc., which do not require external power sources. Substantial efforts are underway towards improving reliability assessment methods for passive system, however, consensus is not yet reached. The existing case studies of various passive safety system reliability assessment methodologies usually consider a single passive safety system, but the reliability of one passive safety system should also dependent on other related systems which operate simultaneously. Thus, this work suggests a framework of passive safety system reliability assessment supported by multilevel flow modelling (MFM) methodology, and a preliminary application is conducted on a small modular reactor station blackout sequence to assess the reliability of Core Makeup Tank (CMT) to remove the decay heat. Also, a causal inference of MFM model and a sensitivity analysis is performed to prove the feasibility of the MFM supported passive safety system reliability assessment methodology. The results show the importance of considering all relevant systems when performing reliability assessment. This MFM supported passive safety system reliability assessment methodology can contribute to the integration of reliability assessment results to the probabilistic risk assessment framework of a whole power plant.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st European Safety and Reliability Conference
    EditorsBruno Castanier, Marko Cepin, David Bigaud, Christophe Berenguer
    PublisherResearch Publishing Services
    Publication date2021
    Pages1626-1630
    ISBN (Print)978-981-18-2016-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021
    Event31st European Safety and Reliability Conference - Angers, France
    Duration: 19 Sep 202123 Sep 2021
    Conference number: 31

    Conference

    Conference31st European Safety and Reliability Conference
    Number31
    Country/TerritoryFrance
    CityAngers
    Period19/09/202123/09/2021

    Keywords

    • Passive safety system
    • Reliability assessments
    • Multilevel flow modelling
    • Sensitivity analysis

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