Utilisation of Electrodialytically Treated Sewage Sludge Ash in Mortar

Annemette Kappel, Raimon Pares Viader, Krzysztof Piotr Kowalski, Gunvor Marie Kirkelund*, Lisbeth M. Ottosen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Phosphorous is a scarce resource and there is a need to develop methods for recovery of this irreplaceable nutrient from secondary resources, e.g. from sewage sludge ash (SSA). Today SSA is most often disposed of and the resource is lost. In the present study, about 90% phosphorous was recovered from SSA by electrodialytic separation in a bench scale set-up, and the particulate residue after the extraction (SSA-ED) was evaluated for use as cement replacement in mortar. The SSA-ED and untreated SSA were grinded for 0, 30 s and 10 min in order to obtain fractions with different degrees of fineness. Each fraction was tested as cement replacement with 20% substitution in mortar. The technical and aesthetical properties of mortars containing the two SSAs were compared to the properties of ordinary mortar. The SSA-ED was acidic; however, this did not significantly influence the mortar properties on short term investigated here. For example, the compressive strength of the mortar with SSA-ED only decreased by 8% compared to ordinary mortar. The workability of mortars with SSA or SSA-ED was reduced compared to the reference. The colour of mortar with SSA-ED was warm reddish, and more intense than the colour of the mortar with SSA. The intense colour was due to the increased concentration of hematite during ED. This study showed potential for separating SSA to two resources by combining electrodialytic extraction of phosphorous and subsequent utilization of the residual mineral ash in mortar.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste and Biomass Valorization
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)2503–2515
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • SSA
  • Electrokinetic remediation
  • Phosphorous
  • Heavy metal
  • Fineness

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