Using Transfer Learning to Build Physics-Informed Machine Learning Models for Improved Wind Farm Monitoring

Laura Schröder*, Nikolay Krasimirov Dimitrov, David Robert Verelst, John Aasted Sørensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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This paper introduces a novel, transfer-learning-based approach to include physics into data-driven normal behavior monitoring models which are used for detecting turbine anomalies. For this purpose, a normal behavior model is pretrained on a large simulation database and is recalibrated on the available SCADA data via transfer learning. For two methods, a feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) and an autoencoder, it is investigated under which conditions it can be helpful to include simulations into SCADA-based monitoring systems. The results show that when only one month of SCADA data is available, both the prediction accuracy as well as the prediction robustness of an ANN are significantly improved by adding physics constraints from a pretrained model. As the autoencoder reconstructs the power from itself, it is already able to accurately model the normal behavior power. Therefore, including simulations into the model does not improve its prediction performance and robustness significantly. The validation of the physics-informed ANN on one month of raw SCADA data shows that it is able to successfully detect a recorded blade angle anomaly with an improved precision due to fewer false positives compared to its purely SCADA data-based counterpart.
Original languageEnglish
Article number558
Issue number2
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Transfer learning
  • Informed machine learning
  • Performance monitoring
  • Simulation-based neural networks


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