Using neural networks to reduce sensor cluster interferences and power consumption in smart cities

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Abstract

In the future smart cities, billions of communicating Internet of Things (IoT) devices are expected which communicate wirelessly in the limited spectrum offered by 5G and long-range technologies. This means that a huge amount of interferences must be overcome by new agile technologies without wasting power resources in the IoT nodes. In this paper, these challenges are addressed by a neural-network-based machine learning system that is based on frequency-domain features extracted from the communication channel. This machine learning system predicts the needed transmit power to overcome the interferences by a predefined margin. Extensive system simulations have been performed on a real-world dataset that shows power savings in the range of 35-83% and a packet receive-ratio of at least 95%. Similarly, it has been found that the system converts after approximately 50 supervised samples, which supports efficient tracking of parameter variations in the communication channel.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sensor Networks
Volume32
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
ISSN1748-1287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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