Using a combination of binning strategies and taxonomic approaches to unravel the anaerobic digestion microbiome

Stefano Campanaro, Laura Treu, Panagiotis Kougias, Xinyu Zhu, Ilaria Bassani, Martina Bazzega, Irini Angelidaki

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    Abstract

    Metagenomic sequencing is a fundamental tool to identify the functional potential of the prokaryotic species present in microbial communities, particularly for the unculturable microbes. Recent advances in software dedicated to metagenomic assembly allow nowadays to generate collections of scaffolds comprehensive of thousands genome sequences, but the binning of these scaffolds into OTUs representative of microbial genomes is still challenging. In the attempt to obtain a deep characterization of the anaerobic digestion microbiome, different metagenomic binning approaches were integrated into a new tool. To facilitate the binning process, this tool integrates two strategies; the taxonomic assignment of scaffolds and the clustering based on coverage values. By applying this procedure, 373 high quality genomes involved in the anaerobic digestion process have been extracted and annotated using COG, KEGG, SEED and Pfam. These high throughput approaches pose nowadays other basic challenges related to the computational effort needed for the taxonomic assignment of hundreds new microbial genomes. It is also mandatory to verify if other DNA sequences deriving from the same species are already present in public databases. Metagenomics raise new fundamental questions regarding the definition of what a microbial species is and how it can be defined solely considering its genome. In order to address these issues we have developed a collection of scripts to check the presence of the same genome sequence not only in different assemblies, but also in public databases and, finally, to simplify its functional annotation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2016
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event16th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology - Montreal, Canada
    Duration: 21 Aug 201626 Aug 2016
    Conference number: 16
    http://www.isme-microbes.org/isme16

    Conference

    Conference16th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology
    Number16
    Country/TerritoryCanada
    CityMontreal
    Period21/08/201626/08/2016
    Internet address

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