Use of Waste for Heat, Electricity and Transport – Challenges when performing Energy System Analysis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch

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Abstract

This paper presents a comparative energy system analysis of different technologies utilizing organic waste for heat, power and fuel for transport production. Technologies included in the analysis are 2nd generation biofuel production, gasification, fermentation (biogas production) and improved incineration. It is argued that it is important to assess energy technologies together with the energy systems of which they form part and influence. The energy system analysis is performed using the EnergyPLAN model, which simulates the Danish energy system hour by hour. The analysis shows that most fuel is saved by gasifying the organic waste and using the syngas for combined heat and power production. On the other hand least greenhouse gases are emitted if biogas is produced from organic waste and used for combined heat and power production. The technology which provides the cheapest CO2 reduction is gasification of waste with subsequent conversion of the gas into transport fuel.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Number of pages17
Publication date2007
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event4th Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 4 Jun 20078 Jun 2007
Conference number: 4

Conference

Conference4th Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Number4
CountryCroatia
CityDubrovnik
Period04/06/200708/06/2007

Cite this

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title = "Use of Waste for Heat, Electricity and Transport – Challenges when performing Energy System Analysis",
abstract = "This paper presents a comparative energy system analysis of different technologies utilizing organic waste for heat, power and fuel for transport production. Technologies included in the analysis are 2nd generation biofuel production, gasification, fermentation (biogas production) and improved incineration. It is argued that it is important to assess energy technologies together with the energy systems of which they form part and influence. The energy system analysis is performed using the EnergyPLAN model, which simulates the Danish energy system hour by hour. The analysis shows that most fuel is saved by gasifying the organic waste and using the syngas for combined heat and power production. On the other hand least greenhouse gases are emitted if biogas is produced from organic waste and used for combined heat and power production. The technology which provides the cheapest CO2 reduction is gasification of waste with subsequent conversion of the gas into transport fuel.",
author = "Marie M{\"u}nster",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings",

}

Münster, M 2007, Use of Waste for Heat, Electricity and Transport – Challenges when performing Energy System Analysis. in Proceedings. 4th Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 04/06/2007.

Use of Waste for Heat, Electricity and Transport – Challenges when performing Energy System Analysis. / Münster, Marie.

Proceedings. 2007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch

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N2 - This paper presents a comparative energy system analysis of different technologies utilizing organic waste for heat, power and fuel for transport production. Technologies included in the analysis are 2nd generation biofuel production, gasification, fermentation (biogas production) and improved incineration. It is argued that it is important to assess energy technologies together with the energy systems of which they form part and influence. The energy system analysis is performed using the EnergyPLAN model, which simulates the Danish energy system hour by hour. The analysis shows that most fuel is saved by gasifying the organic waste and using the syngas for combined heat and power production. On the other hand least greenhouse gases are emitted if biogas is produced from organic waste and used for combined heat and power production. The technology which provides the cheapest CO2 reduction is gasification of waste with subsequent conversion of the gas into transport fuel.

AB - This paper presents a comparative energy system analysis of different technologies utilizing organic waste for heat, power and fuel for transport production. Technologies included in the analysis are 2nd generation biofuel production, gasification, fermentation (biogas production) and improved incineration. It is argued that it is important to assess energy technologies together with the energy systems of which they form part and influence. The energy system analysis is performed using the EnergyPLAN model, which simulates the Danish energy system hour by hour. The analysis shows that most fuel is saved by gasifying the organic waste and using the syngas for combined heat and power production. On the other hand least greenhouse gases are emitted if biogas is produced from organic waste and used for combined heat and power production. The technology which provides the cheapest CO2 reduction is gasification of waste with subsequent conversion of the gas into transport fuel.

M3 - Article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings

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