Use of Electrohydrodynamic Processing for Encapsulation of Sensitive Bioactive Compounds and Applications in Food

Charlotte Jacobsen*, Pedro Jesús García Moreno, Ana Carina Loureiro Mendes, Ramona Valentina Mateiu, Ioannis S. Chronakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The use of vitamins, polyphenolic antioxidants, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and probiotics for the fortification of foods is increasing. However, these bioactive compounds have low stability and need to be protected to avoid deterioration in the food system itself or in the gastrointestinal tract. For that purpose, efficient encapsulation of the compounds may be required. Spray drying is one of the most commonly used encapsulation techniques in the food industry, but it uses high temperature, which can lead to decomposition of the bioactive compounds. Recently, alternative technologies such as electrospraying and electrospinning have received increasing attention. This review presents the principles of electrohydrodynamic processes for the production of nano-microstructures (NMSs) containing bioactive compounds. It provides an overview of the current use of this technology for encapsulation of bioactive compounds and discusses the future potential of the technology. Finally, the review discusses advanced microscopy techniques to study the morphology of NMSs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
Volume9
Pages (from-to)525-549
Number of pages25
ISSN1941-1413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • Electrospraying
  • Nano-microstructures
  • Bioactive compounds
  • Encapsulation
  • Microscopy

Cite this