Automated real-time RT-PCR was evaluated as a diagnostic tool for swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) infection on a range of samples (vesicular epithelium, serum, nasal swabs, faeces) from four inoculated and three in-contact pigs over a period of 28 days. Traditional diagnostic procedures (virus isolation, and ELISAs for antigen and antibody) were used in parallel. Each inoculated pig developed a significant viraemia and clinical disease, and excreted virus, which was transmitted to the in-contact animals. The latter, however, developed only a short-lived, low-level viraemia and no clinical disease. The RT-PCR and virus isolation were generally comparable in detecting SVDV in the serum and nasal swabs from inoculated and in-contact pigs up to day 6 after infection; it was possible, however, to isolate virus for a longer period from the faeces of a few pigs. This suggested that further optimization of the template extraction method was required to counteract the effects of RT-PCR inhibitors in faeces. It was concluded that the automated real-time RT-PCR is a useful diagnostic method for SVD in clinically or subclinically affected pigs and contributed to the study of the pathogenesis of SVD in the pigs.
|Journal||Journal of Comparative Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- swine vesicular disease
- viral infection
- real-time RT-PCR
- SVD pathogenesis
- SVD diagnosis