Unobtrusive Stress Assessment Using Smartphones

Alban Maxhuni, Pablo Hernadez-Leal, Eduardo F. Morales, Enrique Sucar, Venet Osmani, Oscar Mayora

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Stress assessment is a complex issue and numerous studies have examined factors that influence stress in working environments. Research studies have shown that monitoring individuals' behaviour parameters during daily life can also help assess stress levels. In this study, we examine assessment of work-related stress using features derived from sensors in smartphones. In particular, we use information from physical activity levels, location, social-interactions, social-activity and application usage during working days. Our study included 30 employees chosen from two different private companies, monitored over a period of 8 weeks in real work environments. The findings suggest that information from phone sensors shows important correlation with employees perceived stress level. Secondly, we used machine learning methods to classify perceived stress levels based on the analysis of information provided by smartphones. We used decision trees obtaining 67.57% accuracy and 71.73% after applying a semi-supervised method. Our results show that stress levels can be monitored in unobtrusive manner, through analysis of smartphone data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Number of pages12
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


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