TY - JOUR

T1 - Unifying paradigms of quantum refrigeration: Fundamental limits of cooling and associated work costs

AU - Clivaz, Fabien

AU - Silva, Ralph

AU - Haack, Geraldine

AU - Brask, Jonatan Bohr

AU - Brunner, Nicolas

AU - Huber, Marcus

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 -
In classical thermodynamics the work cost of control can typically be neglected. On the contrary, in quantum thermodynamics the cost of control constitutes a fundamental contribution to the total work cost. Here, focusing on quantum refrigeration, we investigate how the level of control determines the fundamental limits to cooling and how much work is expended in the corresponding process. We compare two extremal levels of control: first, coherent operations, where the entropy of the resource is left unchanged, and, second, incoherent operations, where only energy at maximum entropy (i.e., heat) is extracted from the resource. For minimal machines, we find that the lowest achievable temperature and associated work cost depend strongly on the type of control, in both single-cycle and asymptotic regimes. We also extend our analysis to general machines. Our work provides a unified picture of the different approaches to quantum refrigeration developed in the literature, including algorithmic cooling, autonomous quantum refrigerators, and the resource theory of quantum thermodynamics.

AB -
In classical thermodynamics the work cost of control can typically be neglected. On the contrary, in quantum thermodynamics the cost of control constitutes a fundamental contribution to the total work cost. Here, focusing on quantum refrigeration, we investigate how the level of control determines the fundamental limits to cooling and how much work is expended in the corresponding process. We compare two extremal levels of control: first, coherent operations, where the entropy of the resource is left unchanged, and, second, incoherent operations, where only energy at maximum entropy (i.e., heat) is extracted from the resource. For minimal machines, we find that the lowest achievable temperature and associated work cost depend strongly on the type of control, in both single-cycle and asymptotic regimes. We also extend our analysis to general machines. Our work provides a unified picture of the different approaches to quantum refrigeration developed in the literature, including algorithmic cooling, autonomous quantum refrigerators, and the resource theory of quantum thermodynamics.

U2 - 10.1103/physreve.100.042130

DO - 10.1103/physreve.100.042130

M3 - Journal article

VL - 100

JO - Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics)

JF - Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics)

SN - 2470-0045

IS - 4

M1 - 042130

ER -