Unifying Paradigms of Quantum Refrigeration: A Universal and Attainable Bound on Cooling

Fabien Clivaz, Ralph Silva, Geraldine Haack, Jonatan Bohr Brask, Nicolas Brunner, Marcus Huber

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Abstract

Cooling quantum systems is arguably one of the most important thermodynamic tasks connected to modern quantum technologies and an interesting question from a foundational perspective. It is thus of no surprise that many different theoretical cooling schemes have been proposed, differing in the assumed control paradigm and complexity, and operating either in a single cycle or in steady state limits. Working out bounds on quantum cooling has since been a highly context dependent task with multiple answers, with no general result that holds independent of assumptions. In this Letter we derive a universal bound for cooling quantum systems in the limit of infinite cycles (or steady state regimes) that is valid for any control paradigm and machine size. The bound only depends on a single parameter of the refrigerator and is theoretically attainable in all control paradigms. For qubit targets we prove that this bound is achievable in a single cycle and by autonomous machines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number170605
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume123
Issue number17
Number of pages6
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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