Unidirectional frequency conversion in microring resonators for on-chip frequency-multiplexed single-photon sources

Mikkel Heuck*, Jacob Gade Koefoed, Jesper Bjerge Christensen, Yunhong Ding, Lars Hagedorn Frandsen, Karsten Rottwitt, Leif Katsuo Oxenløwe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Microring resonators are attractive for low-power frequency conversion via Bragg-scattering fourwave-mixing due to their comb-like resonance spectrum, which allows resonant enhancement of all four waves while maintaining energy and momentum conservation. However, the symmetry of such mode structures limits the conversion efficiency to 50% due to the equal probability of up- and down-conversion. Here, we demonstrate how two coupled microrings enable highly directional conversion between the spectral modes of one of the rings. An extinction between up- and down-conversion of more than 40 dB is experimentally observed. Based on this method, we propose a design for on-chip multiplexed single-photon sources that probabilistically generate photon pairs across many frequency modes of a ring resonator and subsequently convert them to a single frequency-thereby enabling quasi-deterministic photon emission. Our numerical analysis shows that once a photon is generated, it can be converted and emitted into a wave packet having a 90% overlap with a Gaussian with 99% efficiency for a ratio between intrinsic and coupling quality factors of 400.
Original languageEnglish
Article number033037
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number3
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Single photon source
  • Quantum information technology
  • Frequency conversion


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