Microring resonators are attractive for low-power frequency conversion via Bragg-scattering fourwave-mixing due to their comb-like resonance spectrum, which allows resonant enhancement of all four waves while maintaining energy and momentum conservation. However, the symmetry of such mode structures limits the conversion efficiency to 50% due to the equal probability of up- and down-conversion. Here, we demonstrate how two coupled microrings enable highly directional conversion between the spectral modes of one of the rings. An extinction between up- and down-conversion of more than 40 dB is experimentally observed. Based on this method, we propose a design for on-chip multiplexed single-photon sources that probabilistically generate photon pairs across many frequency modes of a ring resonator and subsequently convert them to a single frequency-thereby enabling quasi-deterministic photon emission. Our numerical analysis shows that once a photon is generated, it can be converted and emitted into a wave packet having a 90% overlap with a Gaussian with 99% efficiency for a ratio between intrinsic and coupling quality factors of 400.
- Single photon source
- Quantum information technology
- Frequency conversion