Understanding the Thermodynamic Properties of the Elastocaloric Effect Through Experimentation and Modelling

Jaka Tušek, Kurt Engelbrecht, Lluis Mañosa, Eduard Vives, Nini Pryds

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper presents direct and indirect methods for studying the elastocaloric effect (eCE) in shape memory materials and its comparison. The eCE can be characterized by the adiabatic temperature change or the isothermal entropy change (both as a function of applied stress/strain). To get these quantities, the evaluation of the eCE can be done using either direct methods, where one measures (adiabatic) temperature changes or indirect methods where one can measure the stress–strain–temperature characteristics of the materials and from these deduce the adiabatic temperature and isothermal entropy changes. The former can be done using the basic thermodynamic relations, i.e. Maxwell relation and Clausius–Clapeyron equation. This paper further presents basic thermodynamic properties of shape memory materials, such as the adiabatic temperature change, isothermal entropy change and total entropy–temperature diagrams (all as a function of temperature and applied stress/strain) of two groups of materials (Ni–Ti and Cu–Zn–Al alloys) obtained using indirect methods through phenomenological modelling and Maxwell relation. In the last part of the paper, the basic definition of the efficiency of the elastocaloric thermodynamic cycle (coefficient of performance) is defined and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalShape Memory and Superelasticity
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)317-329
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Elastocaloric effect
  • Shape memory alloy
  • Superelasticity
  • Adiabatic temperature change
  • Isothermal entropy change
  • COP


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the Thermodynamic Properties of the Elastocaloric Effect Through Experimentation and Modelling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this