Understanding the interplay between social and spatial behaviour

Laura Alessandretti*, Sune Lehmann, Andrea Baronchelli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

According to personality psychology, personality traits determine many aspects of human behaviour. However, validating this insight in large groups has been challenging so far, due to the scarcity of multi-channel data. Here, we focus on the relationship between mobility and social behaviour by analysing trajectories and mobile phone interactions of ∼1000 individuals from two high-resolution longitudinal datasets. We identify a connection between the way in which individuals explore new resources and exploit known assets in the social and spatial spheres. We show that different individuals balance the exploration-exploitation trade-off in different ways and we explain part of the variability in the data by the big five personality traits. We point out that, in both realms, extraversion correlates with the attitude towards exploration and routine diversity, while neuroticism and openness account for the tendency to evolve routine over long time-scales. We find no evidence for the existence of classes of individuals across the spatio-social domains. Our results bridge the fields of human geography, sociology and personality psychology and can help improve current models of mobility and tie formation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalE P J Data Science
Volume7
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-17
ISSN2193-1127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Computational social science
  • Digital data
  • Human mobility
  • Personality traits
  • Social behaviour

Cite this

Alessandretti, Laura ; Lehmann, Sune ; Baronchelli, Andrea. / Understanding the interplay between social and spatial behaviour. In: E P J Data Science. 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 1-17 .
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Understanding the interplay between social and spatial behaviour. / Alessandretti, Laura; Lehmann, Sune; Baronchelli, Andrea.

In: E P J Data Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.12.2018, p. 1-17 .

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Understanding the interplay between social and spatial behaviour

AU - Alessandretti, Laura

AU - Lehmann, Sune

AU - Baronchelli, Andrea

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N2 - According to personality psychology, personality traits determine many aspects of human behaviour. However, validating this insight in large groups has been challenging so far, due to the scarcity of multi-channel data. Here, we focus on the relationship between mobility and social behaviour by analysing trajectories and mobile phone interactions of ∼1000 individuals from two high-resolution longitudinal datasets. We identify a connection between the way in which individuals explore new resources and exploit known assets in the social and spatial spheres. We show that different individuals balance the exploration-exploitation trade-off in different ways and we explain part of the variability in the data by the big five personality traits. We point out that, in both realms, extraversion correlates with the attitude towards exploration and routine diversity, while neuroticism and openness account for the tendency to evolve routine over long time-scales. We find no evidence for the existence of classes of individuals across the spatio-social domains. Our results bridge the fields of human geography, sociology and personality psychology and can help improve current models of mobility and tie formation.

AB - According to personality psychology, personality traits determine many aspects of human behaviour. However, validating this insight in large groups has been challenging so far, due to the scarcity of multi-channel data. Here, we focus on the relationship between mobility and social behaviour by analysing trajectories and mobile phone interactions of ∼1000 individuals from two high-resolution longitudinal datasets. We identify a connection between the way in which individuals explore new resources and exploit known assets in the social and spatial spheres. We show that different individuals balance the exploration-exploitation trade-off in different ways and we explain part of the variability in the data by the big five personality traits. We point out that, in both realms, extraversion correlates with the attitude towards exploration and routine diversity, while neuroticism and openness account for the tendency to evolve routine over long time-scales. We find no evidence for the existence of classes of individuals across the spatio-social domains. Our results bridge the fields of human geography, sociology and personality psychology and can help improve current models of mobility and tie formation.

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