Understanding passengers’ fear of crime at train stations through neighbourhood types: a study of the Copenhagen metropolitan area

Sofie Kirt Strandbygaard, Lotte Bjerregaard Jensen, Bo Grönlund, Alan Keith Spence Jones, Matthew Flower

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper presents a typomorphological analysis of train station neighbourhoods to examine passengers’ fear of crime at the station in relation to the surrounding urban form. The study defines station neighbourhood types in the Copenhagen Metropolitan area within the pedestrian catchment area (PCA), an 800m (1/2 mile) radius around the S-train stations. The types are defined through a typomorphological analysis based on urban parameters related to Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) and Placemaking. The types are compared to nine years of passenger surveys of fear of crime at these stations. The analysis establishes three dominant station neighbourhood types and demonstrates the relationship between them and passengers’ fear of crime at the stations. The research underlines the importance of the surrounding urban environment in the design and governance of train stations, and proposes a typomorphological method to identify potentials in regional planning and in upgrade of transit-oriented developments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
Publication statusSubmitted - 2020


  • Typomorphology
  • Train stations
  • Fear of crime
  • Neighbourhood type
  • Finger Plan
  • Copenhagen metropolitan area

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