Uncertainty in vertical extrapolation of wind statistics: shear-exponent and WAsP/EWA methods

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This report provides formulations for estimation of uncertainties involved in vertical extrapolation of winds, as well as the total uncertainty incurred when winds observed at one height are extrapolated to turbine hub height for wind resource assessment. This includes new derivations for uncertainties inherent in determination of (wind) shear exponents, and subsequent vertical extrapolation of wind speeds. The report further outlines application of the theory and results of Kelly & Troen (2014-6) for gauging the uncertainty inherent in use of the European Wind Atlas (EWA) / WAsP method for vertical extrapolation. Lastly, a section has been added that compares the uncertainty in the two aforementioned methods. The independently-derived forms corresponding to each vertical extrapolation method give uncertainty estimates that are essentially the same for small vertical extrapolations (푧pred/푧obs); for larger extrapolations, WAsP-based extrapolation leads to smaller estimated uncertainties than the shear-extrapolation method.A primary motivation for—and part of—this work is the creation of a standard for uncertainty estimation and reporting, which is known as the IEC61400-15. The author is actively contributing to this emerging standard, and the work herein thus far constitutes (most of) the vertical extrapolation portion of the IEC 61400-15 draft.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDTU Wind Energy
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-93278-80-6
Publication statusPublished - 2016
SeriesDTU Wind Energy E

Bibliographical note

Shows the detailed content created by M. Kelly which was used in IEC 61400-15 draft.


  • DTU Wind Energy E-0121
  • DTU Wind Energy E-121

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