At low frequencies outside the plasmonic range, strongly confined surface waves can be achieved on periodically structured metal surfaces, thereby allowing for the design of compact electromagnetic guiding devices. Here, we propose an approach to realize highly efficient transmission of spoof surface plasmons around 90-degree sharp bends on ultrathin metallic films in the microwave regime. We demonstrate that by judiciously engineering the structure, the dispersion relation can be designed to reduce the scattering. Furthermore, the reflection can be suppressed by proper structural decoration at the bending corner. A onedimensional scattering theory is employed to understand and verify the transmission properties of our waveguide bend structure. Our design scheme is not restricted to the specific structure we propose here but can be applied to other guiding components built up on two dimensional metal surfaces.
Yang, Y., Chen, H., Xiao, S., Mortensen, N. A., & Zhang, J. (2015). Ultrathin 90-degree sharp bends for spoof surface plasmon polaritons. Optics Express, 23(15), 19074-19081. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.23.019074