Ultrabroadband THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of a Free-Flowing Water Film

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We demonstrate quantitative ultrabroadband THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) of water by application of a 17-$\mu$m thick gravity-driven wire-guided flow jet of water. The thickness and stability of the water film is accurately measured by an optical intensity crosscorrelator, and the standard deviation of the film thickness is less than 500 nm. The cross section of the water film is found to have a biconcave cylindrical lens shape. By transmitting through such a thin film, we perform the first ultrabroadband (0.2–30 THz) THz-TDS across the strongest absorbing part of the infrared spectrum of liquid water using two different THz-TDS setups. The extracted absorption coefficient and refractive index of water are in agreement with previous results reported in the literature. With this we show that the thin free-flowing liquid film is a versatile tool for windowless, ultrabroadband THz-TDS with sub-100-femtosecond time resolution of aqueous solutions in transmission mode in the important cross-over region between vibrational and relaxational dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)425-431
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Fields, Waves and Electromagnetics
  • Absorption
  • Air plasma
  • Electron tubes
  • Lenses
  • Liquids
  • Particle beams
  • photoconductive antenna
  • Spectroscopy
  • THz spectroscopy
  • ultrafast nonlinear optics
  • Ultrafast optics
  • water hydrogen bond network

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