Ultra-compact broadband higher order-mode pass filter fabricated in a silicon waveguide for multimode photonics

Xiaowei Guan, Yunhong Ding, Lars Hagedorn Frandsen

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An ultra-compact and broadband higher order-mode pass filter in a 1D photonic crystal silicon waveguide is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The photonic crystal is designed for the lower order mode to work in the photonic band gap, while the higher order mode is located in the air band. Consequently, light on the lower order mode is prohibited to pass through the filter, while light on a higher order mode can be converted to a Bloch mode in the photonic crystal and pass through the filter with low insertion loss. As an example, we fabricate a similar to 15-mu m-long first-order-mode pass filter that filters out the fundamental mode and provides a measured insertion loss of similar to 1.8 dB for the first-order-mode pass signals. The extinction ratio is measured to be around 50 dB (with a variation of +/- 10 dB due to the detection limitation of the measurement setup) in the measured wavelength range from 1480 to 1580 nm. Additionally, calculations predict the extinction ratio to be larger than 50 dB in a 170 nm broad bandwidth. (C) 2015 Optical Society of America
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number16
Pages (from-to)3893-3896
Publication statusPublished - 2015



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