UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts

S. Jeong, M. I. Panasyuk, V. Reglero, P. Connell, M. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. M. Rodrigo, J. Ripa, C. Eyles, H. Lim, G. Gaikov, H. Jeong, V. Leonov, P. Chen, A. J. Castro-Tirado, J. W. Nam, S. Svertilov, I. Yashin, G. Garipov, M.-H. A. Huang & 8 others J.-J. Huang, J. E. Kim, T.-C. Liu, V. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, Carl Budtz-Jørgensen, Søren Brandt, I. H. Park*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Burst Alert and Trigger Telescope (UBAT) has been designed and built for the localization of transient X-ray sources such as Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). As one of main instruments in the UFFO payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov), the UBAT’s roles are to monitor the X-ray sky, to rapidly locate and track transient sources, and to trigger the slewing of a UV/optical telescope, namely Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT). The SMT, a pioneering application of rapid slewing mirror technology has a line of sight parallel to the UBAT, allowing us to measure the early UV/optical GRB counterpart and study the extremely early moments of GRB evolution. To detect X-rays, the UBAT utilizes a 191.1 cm2 scintillation detector composed of Yttrium Oxyorthosilicate (YSO) crystals, Multi-Anode Photomultiplier Tubes (MAPMTs), and associated electronics. To estimate a direction vector of a GRB source in its field of view, it employs the well-known coded aperture mask technique. All functions are written for implementation on a field programmable gate array to enable fast triggering and to run the device’s imaging algorithms. The UFFO/Lomonosov satellite was launched on April 28, 2016, and is now collecting GRB observation data. In this study, we describe the UBAT’s design, fabrication, integration, and performance as a GRB X-ray trigger and localization telescope, both on the ground and in space.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume214
Issue number16
Number of pages25
ISSN0038-6308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2017
Open Access
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Keywords

  • Physics
  • Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)
  • Planetology
  • Aerospace Technology and Astronautics
  • Astrophysics and Astroparticles
  • SC12
  • Gamma Ray Burst
  • Coded mask
  • YSO
  • UFFO
  • Lomonosov

Cite this

Jeong, S., Panasyuk, M. I., Reglero, V., Connell, P., Kim, M. B., Lee, J., ... Park, I. H. (2018). UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts. Space Science Reviews, 214(16). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0454-5
Jeong, S. ; Panasyuk, M. I. ; Reglero, V. ; Connell, P. ; Kim, M. B. ; Lee, J. ; Rodrigo, J. M. ; Ripa, J. ; Eyles, C. ; Lim, H. ; Gaikov, G. ; Jeong, H. ; Leonov, V. ; Chen, P. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Nam, J. W. ; Svertilov, S. ; Yashin, I. ; Garipov, G. ; Huang, M.-H. A. ; Huang, J.-J. ; Kim, J. E. ; Liu, T.-C. ; Petrov, V. ; Bogomolov, V. ; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl ; Brandt, Søren ; Park, I. H. / UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts. In: Space Science Reviews. 2018 ; Vol. 214, No. 16.
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abstract = "The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Burst Alert and Trigger Telescope (UBAT) has been designed and built for the localization of transient X-ray sources such as Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). As one of main instruments in the UFFO payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov), the UBAT’s roles are to monitor the X-ray sky, to rapidly locate and track transient sources, and to trigger the slewing of a UV/optical telescope, namely Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT). The SMT, a pioneering application of rapid slewing mirror technology has a line of sight parallel to the UBAT, allowing us to measure the early UV/optical GRB counterpart and study the extremely early moments of GRB evolution. To detect X-rays, the UBAT utilizes a 191.1 cm2 scintillation detector composed of Yttrium Oxyorthosilicate (YSO) crystals, Multi-Anode Photomultiplier Tubes (MAPMTs), and associated electronics. To estimate a direction vector of a GRB source in its field of view, it employs the well-known coded aperture mask technique. All functions are written for implementation on a field programmable gate array to enable fast triggering and to run the device’s imaging algorithms. The UFFO/Lomonosov satellite was launched on April 28, 2016, and is now collecting GRB observation data. In this study, we describe the UBAT’s design, fabrication, integration, and performance as a GRB X-ray trigger and localization telescope, both on the ground and in space.",
keywords = "Physics, Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics), Planetology, Aerospace Technology and Astronautics, Astrophysics and Astroparticles, SC12, Gamma Ray Burst, Coded mask, YSO, UFFO, Lomonosov",
author = "S. Jeong and Panasyuk, {M. I.} and V. Reglero and P. Connell and Kim, {M. B.} and J. Lee and Rodrigo, {J. M.} and J. Ripa and C. Eyles and H. Lim and G. Gaikov and H. Jeong and V. Leonov and P. Chen and Castro-Tirado, {A. J.} and Nam, {J. W.} and S. Svertilov and I. Yashin and G. Garipov and Huang, {M.-H. A.} and J.-J. Huang and Kim, {J. E.} and T.-C. Liu and V. Petrov and V. Bogomolov and Carl Budtz-J{\o}rgensen and S{\o}ren Brandt and Park, {I. H.}",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s11214-017-0454-5",
language = "English",
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Jeong, S, Panasyuk, MI, Reglero, V, Connell, P, Kim, MB, Lee, J, Rodrigo, JM, Ripa, J, Eyles, C, Lim, H, Gaikov, G, Jeong, H, Leonov, V, Chen, P, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Nam, JW, Svertilov, S, Yashin, I, Garipov, G, Huang, M-HA, Huang, J-J, Kim, JE, Liu, T-C, Petrov, V, Bogomolov, V, Budtz-Jørgensen, C, Brandt, S & Park, IH 2018, 'UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts', Space Science Reviews, vol. 214, no. 16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0454-5

UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts. / Jeong, S.; Panasyuk, M. I.; Reglero, V.; Connell, P.; Kim, M. B.; Lee, J.; Rodrigo, J. M.; Ripa, J.; Eyles, C.; Lim, H.; Gaikov, G.; Jeong, H.; Leonov, V.; Chen, P.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Nam, J. W.; Svertilov, S.; Yashin, I.; Garipov, G.; Huang, M.-H. A.; Huang, J.-J.; Kim, J. E.; Liu, T.-C.; Petrov, V.; Bogomolov, V.; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Brandt, Søren; Park, I. H.

In: Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, No. 16, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - UBAT of UFFO/Lomonosov: The X-Ray Space Telescope to Observe Early Photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts

AU - Jeong, S.

AU - Panasyuk, M. I.

AU - Reglero, V.

AU - Connell, P.

AU - Kim, M. B.

AU - Lee, J.

AU - Rodrigo, J. M.

AU - Ripa, J.

AU - Eyles, C.

AU - Lim, H.

AU - Gaikov, G.

AU - Jeong, H.

AU - Leonov, V.

AU - Chen, P.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Nam, J. W.

AU - Svertilov, S.

AU - Yashin, I.

AU - Garipov, G.

AU - Huang, M.-H. A.

AU - Huang, J.-J.

AU - Kim, J. E.

AU - Liu, T.-C.

AU - Petrov, V.

AU - Bogomolov, V.

AU - Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl

AU - Brandt, Søren

AU - Park, I. H.

N1 - © The Author(s) 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Burst Alert and Trigger Telescope (UBAT) has been designed and built for the localization of transient X-ray sources such as Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). As one of main instruments in the UFFO payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov), the UBAT’s roles are to monitor the X-ray sky, to rapidly locate and track transient sources, and to trigger the slewing of a UV/optical telescope, namely Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT). The SMT, a pioneering application of rapid slewing mirror technology has a line of sight parallel to the UBAT, allowing us to measure the early UV/optical GRB counterpart and study the extremely early moments of GRB evolution. To detect X-rays, the UBAT utilizes a 191.1 cm2 scintillation detector composed of Yttrium Oxyorthosilicate (YSO) crystals, Multi-Anode Photomultiplier Tubes (MAPMTs), and associated electronics. To estimate a direction vector of a GRB source in its field of view, it employs the well-known coded aperture mask technique. All functions are written for implementation on a field programmable gate array to enable fast triggering and to run the device’s imaging algorithms. The UFFO/Lomonosov satellite was launched on April 28, 2016, and is now collecting GRB observation data. In this study, we describe the UBAT’s design, fabrication, integration, and performance as a GRB X-ray trigger and localization telescope, both on the ground and in space.

AB - The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Burst Alert and Trigger Telescope (UBAT) has been designed and built for the localization of transient X-ray sources such as Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). As one of main instruments in the UFFO payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov), the UBAT’s roles are to monitor the X-ray sky, to rapidly locate and track transient sources, and to trigger the slewing of a UV/optical telescope, namely Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT). The SMT, a pioneering application of rapid slewing mirror technology has a line of sight parallel to the UBAT, allowing us to measure the early UV/optical GRB counterpart and study the extremely early moments of GRB evolution. To detect X-rays, the UBAT utilizes a 191.1 cm2 scintillation detector composed of Yttrium Oxyorthosilicate (YSO) crystals, Multi-Anode Photomultiplier Tubes (MAPMTs), and associated electronics. To estimate a direction vector of a GRB source in its field of view, it employs the well-known coded aperture mask technique. All functions are written for implementation on a field programmable gate array to enable fast triggering and to run the device’s imaging algorithms. The UFFO/Lomonosov satellite was launched on April 28, 2016, and is now collecting GRB observation data. In this study, we describe the UBAT’s design, fabrication, integration, and performance as a GRB X-ray trigger and localization telescope, both on the ground and in space.

KW - Physics

KW - Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)

KW - Planetology

KW - Aerospace Technology and Astronautics

KW - Astrophysics and Astroparticles

KW - SC12

KW - Gamma Ray Burst

KW - Coded mask

KW - YSO

KW - UFFO

KW - Lomonosov

U2 - 10.1007/s11214-017-0454-5

DO - 10.1007/s11214-017-0454-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 214

JO - Space Science Reviews

JF - Space Science Reviews

SN - 0038-6308

IS - 16

ER -