Type IV Wind Turbine Model

Anca Daniela Hansen, Ioannis D. Margaris

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This document is created as part of the EaseWind project. The goal of this project is to develop and investigate new control features for primary response provided by wind power plants. New control features as inertial response, synchronising power and power system damping are of interest to EaseWind project to be incorporated in the wind power plant level.
This document describes the Type 4 wind turbine simulation model, implemented in the EaseWind project. The implemented wind turbine model is one of the initial necessary steps toward integrating new control services in the wind power plant level. In the project, this wind turbine model will be further incorporated in a wind power plant model together with the implementation in the wind power control level of the new control functionalities (inertial response, synchronising power and power system damping). For this purpose an aggregate wind power plant (WPP) will be considered. The aggregate WPP model, which will be based on the upscaling of the individual wind turbine model on the electrical part, will make use of an equivalent wind speed.
The implemented model follows the basic structure of the generic standard Type 4 wind turbine model proposed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), in the IEC61400-27-1 Committee Draft for electrical simulation models for wind power generation, which is currently under review, [1]. The Type 4 wind turbine model described in this report includes a set of adjustments of the standard Type 4 wind turbine model in order account for the dynamic features of interest to EaseWind project.
The document presents a short overview of the overall structure of the wind turbine model. Descriptions of individual submodels as well as some preliminary simulation results are included to illustrate the performance of the model.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDTU Wind Energy
Number of pages50
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

This work was carried out by the DTU Wind Energy Department in cooperation with Vestas Wind Systems A/S and Aalborg University. Energinet.dk is acknowledged for funding this work in contract number: PSO project 2011 no. 10653: “Enhanced Ancillary Services from Wind Power Plants” (EaseWind).


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