Type I interferon is critical for the homeostasis and functional maturation of type 3 γδ T cells

Rasmus Agerholm, Darshana Dattatraya Kadekar, John Rizk, Vasileios Bekiaris

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Type I IFN (IFN-I) is highly expressed during viral infection and many autoimmune pathologies such as SLE and psoriasis. In addition, IFN-I is important to maintain the homeostasis of a number of different immune populations. Our aim was to identify whether IFN-I regulates type 3 γδ T (γδT3) cells. We found that IFNαβ inhibits the activation of γδT3 cells following treatment with cytokines such as IL-23 and IL-7 and abrogates their ability to produce IL-17 during viral infection. Despite this inhibitory role, γδT3 cells that are deficient in type I IFNreceptor (IFNAR) signaling display anergic behavior. Such γδT3 anergy is characterized by failure to induce skin inflammation and unresponsiveness to cytokine stimuli. Moreover, IFNAR deficient mice display deregulated γδT3homeostasis due to a neonatal maturation defect. In conclusion, our data show that tonic type I IFN signaling during neonatal and adult life is required for the full maturation and pro-inflammatory function of γδT3 cells, however acute type I IFN production during viral infection acts as a γδT3 inhibitor.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
    Volume86
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)275-275
    ISSN0300-9475
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event44th Scandinavian Society for Immunology Meeting - Clarion Hotel Sign, Stockholm, Sweden
    Duration: 17 Oct 201720 Oct 2017
    Conference number: 44
    http://www.ssi2017.se/

    Conference

    Conference44th Scandinavian Society for Immunology Meeting
    Number44
    LocationClarion Hotel Sign
    CountrySweden
    CityStockholm
    Period17/10/201720/10/2017
    Internet address

    Cite this

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    title = "Type I interferon is critical for the homeostasis and functional maturation of type 3 γδ T cells",
    abstract = "Type I IFN (IFN-I) is highly expressed during viral infection and many autoimmune pathologies such as SLE and psoriasis. In addition, IFN-I is important to maintain the homeostasis of a number of different immune populations. Our aim was to identify whether IFN-I regulates type 3 γδ T (γδT3) cells. We found that IFNαβ inhibits the activation of γδT3 cells following treatment with cytokines such as IL-23 and IL-7 and abrogates their ability to produce IL-17 during viral infection. Despite this inhibitory role, γδT3 cells that are deficient in type I IFNreceptor (IFNAR) signaling display anergic behavior. Such γδT3 anergy is characterized by failure to induce skin inflammation and unresponsiveness to cytokine stimuli. Moreover, IFNAR deficient mice display deregulated γδT3homeostasis due to a neonatal maturation defect. In conclusion, our data show that tonic type I IFN signaling during neonatal and adult life is required for the full maturation and pro-inflammatory function of γδT3 cells, however acute type I IFN production during viral infection acts as a γδT3 inhibitor.",
    author = "Rasmus Agerholm and Kadekar, {Darshana Dattatraya} and John Rizk and Vasileios Bekiaris",
    year = "2017",
    language = "English",
    volume = "86",
    pages = "275--275",
    journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Immunology",
    issn = "0300-9475",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
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    Type I interferon is critical for the homeostasis and functional maturation of type 3 γδ T cells. / Agerholm, Rasmus; Kadekar, Darshana Dattatraya; Rizk, John; Bekiaris, Vasileios.

    In: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, Vol. 86, No. 4, 2017, p. 275-275.

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

    TY - ABST

    T1 - Type I interferon is critical for the homeostasis and functional maturation of type 3 γδ T cells

    AU - Agerholm, Rasmus

    AU - Kadekar, Darshana Dattatraya

    AU - Rizk, John

    AU - Bekiaris, Vasileios

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Type I IFN (IFN-I) is highly expressed during viral infection and many autoimmune pathologies such as SLE and psoriasis. In addition, IFN-I is important to maintain the homeostasis of a number of different immune populations. Our aim was to identify whether IFN-I regulates type 3 γδ T (γδT3) cells. We found that IFNαβ inhibits the activation of γδT3 cells following treatment with cytokines such as IL-23 and IL-7 and abrogates their ability to produce IL-17 during viral infection. Despite this inhibitory role, γδT3 cells that are deficient in type I IFNreceptor (IFNAR) signaling display anergic behavior. Such γδT3 anergy is characterized by failure to induce skin inflammation and unresponsiveness to cytokine stimuli. Moreover, IFNAR deficient mice display deregulated γδT3homeostasis due to a neonatal maturation defect. In conclusion, our data show that tonic type I IFN signaling during neonatal and adult life is required for the full maturation and pro-inflammatory function of γδT3 cells, however acute type I IFN production during viral infection acts as a γδT3 inhibitor.

    AB - Type I IFN (IFN-I) is highly expressed during viral infection and many autoimmune pathologies such as SLE and psoriasis. In addition, IFN-I is important to maintain the homeostasis of a number of different immune populations. Our aim was to identify whether IFN-I regulates type 3 γδ T (γδT3) cells. We found that IFNαβ inhibits the activation of γδT3 cells following treatment with cytokines such as IL-23 and IL-7 and abrogates their ability to produce IL-17 during viral infection. Despite this inhibitory role, γδT3 cells that are deficient in type I IFNreceptor (IFNAR) signaling display anergic behavior. Such γδT3 anergy is characterized by failure to induce skin inflammation and unresponsiveness to cytokine stimuli. Moreover, IFNAR deficient mice display deregulated γδT3homeostasis due to a neonatal maturation defect. In conclusion, our data show that tonic type I IFN signaling during neonatal and adult life is required for the full maturation and pro-inflammatory function of γδT3 cells, however acute type I IFN production during viral infection acts as a γδT3 inhibitor.

    M3 - Conference abstract in journal

    VL - 86

    SP - 275

    EP - 275

    JO - Scandinavian Journal of Immunology

    JF - Scandinavian Journal of Immunology

    SN - 0300-9475

    IS - 4

    ER -