1,2,5-trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol, the 2-deoxyfluoro derivative of 1-deoxynojirimycin, as well as 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-fluoro-2,5-imino-D-mannitol and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-1-O-methyl-D-mannitol, two new analogues of the natural product and powerful glucosidase inhibitor 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol, were synthesised featuring glucose isomerase-catalysed aldose-ketose interconvertion reactions as the key steps of the syntheses.Results of inhibition studies conducted with these compounds and previously obtained deoxyfluoro derivatives of 1-deoxynojirimycin, employing glucosidases from various sources, showed that the replacement of a hydroxyl function by fluorine caused an impairment of the inhibitory potency. This effect was smallest for the hydroxyl group at C-6 and up to four orders of magnitude larger for replacements at C-2 and C-3.
|Journal||Carbohydrate Research 301|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
Andersen, S. M., Ebner, M., Ekhart, C. W., Gradnig, G., Legler, G., Lundt, I., Stütz, A. E., Withers, S. G., & Wrodnigg, T. (1997). Two isosteric fluorinated derivatives of the powerful glucosidase inhibitors1-deoxynojirimycin and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol: Syntheses and glycosidase-inhibitory activities of 1,2,5-trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol and of 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-fluoro-2,5-imino-D-mannitol. Carbohydrate Research 301, 155-166.